Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew Shorties

Shorty: When was an Earlier Climate Change and What Caused it?

Earlier Climate Change:

“In the sixth hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates of the heavens were opened. And rain fell on the earth for forty days and forty nights” (Genesis 7:11-12).

What Caused It:

“Now, the earth was corrupted in front of God, and the earth was filled with Chamas” (plunder, extortion). “And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupted because all flesh had corrupted its ways upon the earth” (Genesis 6:11-12).

Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew

Agag, Haman the Agagite, Gog, Magog, Gag — What binds them all together?

Gag in Hebrew is roof. For example:

“I lie awake; I have become like a bird on the roof (Gag)” (Psalm 102:8; 102:7, in some English translations).

Agag was king of Amalek. The latter, throughout the Bible, serves as epitome for the disconnect between the Heaven and the Earth (Genesis 1:1). Therefore, the Israelites are explicitly commanded, in no ambiguous terms:

“Remember what Amalek had done to you on the way, when you came out of Egypt…you shall blot out the memory of Amalek from under the sky; thou shall not forget” (Deuteronomy 25:17,19).

The Bible tells us about king Saul, and what he did to Agag, king of Amalek:

“He took Agag king of Amalek alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the sword” (1 Samuel 15:8).

Haman, a central figure in the Book of Esther, was the first historic figure to conceive and then attempt to implement a “Final Solution” on the Jewish people (during the reign of the Persian Empire, as expounded in detail in the Book of Esther). Haman was a descendent of Agag, namely, of Amalek seed:

“Esther again pleaded with the king, falling at his feet and weeping. She begged him to put an end to the evil plan of Haman the Agagite, which he devised against the Jews” (Esther 8:3).

Gog and Magog are well-known names, central to Ezekiel’s prophecy of End-Time final war:

“Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him” (Ezekiel 38:2).

What binds together all these names?

Answer: The double appearance of a single letter of the Hebrew Alphabet, the third letter, Gimel (corresponding to the English g).

In Biblical Hebrew, as well as in modern Hebrew, a double appearance of Gimel forms the Hebrew word Gag (written with two Gimels, גג). This combination has a single meaning — “Roof”.

The roof is that part of a house, which protects its residents from harm that may befall them from the sky.

In biblical terms, the roof attains a much wider meaning, indeed a gigantic symbolic significance:

As a roof of a house disconnects earth from sky, the biblical “Roof” symbolizes disconnect between “The Heaven” and “The Earth”, as these are alluded to in the first verse of Genesis:

“In the beginning Elohim created the heaven and the earth” (Genesis 1:1).

The most concrete biblical allusion to this interpretation is given by the command, given to the Israelites, to build booths (Sukot) during the Feast of Tabernacles:

“You shall dwell in booths for seven days; All native-born Israelites are to live in booths so that your descendants will know that I made the Israelites live in booths when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God” (Leviticus 23:42).

There is no solid protective roof for the booths, where the Feast of Tabernacles is celebrated. Traditionally, the roof must be made from natural elements that have grown from the ground. Most people use either palm fronds or bamboo with wooden beams as support. The roof also must be thick enough to provide significant shade, but thin enough to let the stars shine through.

Why does the Sukkah not have a solid roof? What does this signify?

The answer is simple: Lack of solid roof signifies complete faith in Divine Providence, in Divine protection against harm that may befall us. Conversely, relying on the symbolic “physical roof” as protection, perhaps sole protection, signifies a deep faith that “The Earth” (Genesis 1:1) is all that there is. There is no heaven. There is no God.

The roof of a house generates a disconnect from the sky. Symbolically, sitting in the booth during the Feast of Tabernacles, while removing the roof, signifies faith in Divine protection that would protect against any harm (from the sky or otherwise). And more generally, complete faith in the connection between “the heaven” and “the earth”.

Amalek embodies the opposite: There is no heaven, no system of Divine justice, no God. There is only “the earth” (the observable physical reality, ruled by law of nature). Everything else, which looks random, is indeed random. There is no Divine Providence.

Agag, Haman the Agagite, Gog, Magog — they all represent the Amalekite philosophy of life: “No God, no heaven, all is coincidental”. The biblical concept of “Roof” symbolizes exclusive reliance on our own ability (and capability) to understand nature, rule nature, and construct the needed “Roof” that would protect us.

“Roof”, consistently throughout the Bible, is an integral part of names of historic figures, past (Agag) or future (Gog), and of names of lands (like the mysterious Magog), which represent a philosophy diagonally opposite to that of the Bible, a philosophy central to current Western Civilization (see here) — the Amalekite philosophy of life.

Surprisingly and unexpectedly, all these names include the Hebrew “Gag” (Roof).

And how will the future Gog and Magog war end?

Quote from prophet Zechariah:

“And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations, which have come against Jerusalem, shall go up, every single year, to bow before the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles” (Zechariah 14:16).

Personal confession: Amazing!!

Comment.

The Israelites, on their way to the promised land, committed two major sins, both being testimony to lack of faith in Divine protection:

  • The sin of the Golden Calf (in Hebrew, sin of the Egel);
  • The sin of the spies (sin of the Meraglim).

Both sins are considered, in Jewish tradition, to have fateful consequences to Jewish history.

The first sin caused Moses to smash the first tablets with the Ten Commandments. This required of Moses going up Mount Sinai to receive the tablets the second time.

The second sin occurred, in Jewish tradition, on the ninth of the month of Av. In Jewish tradition, this was the date when the two temples in Jerusalem had been destroyed. Other catastrophes in Jewish history are also known to occur on that same date.

Surprisingly, Hebrew names of both sins have, as their middle letter, the second most rare letter in biblical Hebrew, the letter Gimel.

With these two sins, combined, the Israelites, on their way to the promised land, formed their own particular version of GAG (“Roof”).

 

Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew

God of History and Verse Number in Torah

In the First Commandment, conveyed by the Divine to the Israelites in Mount Sinai, God “introduces” Himself not as creator of “the Heavens and the Earth” (Genesis 1:1), but as ruler of History.

This complies with Jewish tradition, which asserts that God continuously engages in human affairs, in the history of the created, to implement the unknown and humanly-unknowable Divine Design (refer to my related post: “And Elohim Saw Ki Tov” (“that it was good”)” (Gen. 1) — A Different Viewpoint).

The First Commandment starts:

“I am Jehovah your God, who have brought you out of the Land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage” (Exodus 20:2).

In compliance with this tradition, of Jehovah as God of History, Kabbalah claims that each verse in Torah corresponds to a single Hebrew-calendar year, and the verse consecutive (serial) number in Torah is indication of the Hebrew year, to which the content of the verse relates.

The above is based on introductory comments by Rabbi Benjamin Blech in a lecture of February, 1-st, 2021, a link to which is given below.

In this short post, we list verses from Torah (including some from the afore-cited source), with possible links to historic events that have occurred the same Hebrew year, as the verse serial number. We pursue Rabbi Blech comment that these cannot and should not to be used to predict the future; first, because the full historic significance of a Torah verse can only be comprehensively comprehended only post-factum (namely, after the Hebrew-calendar year, to which the verse supposedly refers, is already part of history); Secondly, because human prophesizing, lacking explicit Divine inspiration and authorization, goes against the most fundamental condition of human existence, namely, Free Will.

Here are some examples (from Rabbi Blech presentation and else):

  1. Historic Event: Nazi Germany executing the “Final Solution” (Holocaust still in full swing, 1944; Jews uprooted from their place of residence to Concentration Camps, mostly in other countries); Hebrew-calendar year: 5704 (1944); 5704-th verse in Torah: “And Jehovah uprooted them from their land in anger, and in fury and in great wrath and cast them into another land, as it is this day” (Deuteronomy 29:27);
  2. Historic Event: End of World War II (also end of Holocaust, now revealed in its full dimensions, with lingering question mark in the minds of people-of-faith – “where was God??”); Hebrew-calendar year: 5705 (1945); 5705-th verse in Torah: “The hidden belong to Jehovah, our God, and the revealed are for us and for our offspring forever, that we may do all the words of this Torah” (Deuteronomy 29:28);
  3. Historic Event: Founding of the State of Israel; Hebrew-calendar year: 5708 (May, 1948); 5708-th verse in Torah: “Then Jehovah your God will restore you from your captivity, and have compassion on you, and will gather you again from all the peoples that Jehovah your God has scattered you” (Deuteronomy 30:3);
  4. Historic Event: Mass Jewish immigration to the State of Israel during its first 3 and a half years of existence, mostly from Moslem Arab countries (“Some 688,000 immigrants came at an average of close to 200,000 a year… As approximately 650,000 Jews lived in Israel at the time … this meant in effect a doubling of the Jewish population”; Source: site of The Jewish Agency for Israel); Hebrew-calendar years: 5709 (1949) – 5712 (1952); 5709&5710-th verses in Torah: “If your outcasts be at the ends of the earth, from there will Jehovah your God gather you and from there will He fetch you; And Jehovah your God will bring you into the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it, and He will prosper you and multiply you more than your fathers” (Deuteronomy 30:4-5);

Comment: Based on lecture of Feb 1, 2021:

Kabbalah: Can It Predict the Future? (Ft. Rabbi Benjamin Blech)

Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew Shorties

Shorty*: Coronavirus in biblical-Hebrew (??)

The name of the rapidly spreading epidemic, now becoming pandemic, the Coronavirus, may be read as biblical-Hebrew in two modes:

  • As an original Hebrew word (it is not!); In that case one may wonder— What would the biblical-Hebrew root of this word be?
  • “Translated” into biblical-Hebrew (namely, the word Crown); In that case one may ask— What is the biblical-Hebrew root of this word, or other Hebrew words originating in the same root or a permutation thereof?

As have happened often before (relate to chapter 19 in my book, and read also here and here), names originating in non-Hebrew languages surprisingly often tend to carry significant meaning in the Hebrew language, namely, embody meaning directly related to the essence of that which the non-Hebrew word stands for. A typical example from the Torah is Pharaoh, known to be a real historic figure (ruler of Egypt in ancient times). When considered as a Hebrew word (it is not!), the root of this word gives rise to various words implying acts of violence. For example, the biblical Hebrew Praot (Judges 5:2) has routinely been used, in modern Hebrew, to describe pogroms, namely, unrestrained maiming and killings of Jews (in exile). Such acts were probably also executed during Pharaoh reign, when Jews were slaves to the king (as described in Exodus).

Let us address individually each of the two options to relate to “Corona” (namely, as originally biblical-Hebrew, or relate to its biblical-Hebrew translation).

1.      “Corona” as originally biblical-Hebrew

Several Hebrew words have structure similar to Corona. Ignore, temporarily, the letter “a” (later to be addressed as a suffix). The word “Coron” has similar Hebrew words of the same structure. We have in Hebrew Svivon, derived from the root S.B.B, and we have Shomron, derived from the root S.M.R. When words represent names of places, adding “a” as a suffix (in Hebrew, the letter Hei), implies in biblical-Hebrew “in the direction of”. For example, “I go Shomrona” means “I am going to Shomron“.

So, were “Coron” a biblical-Hebrew word, what would its root be?

In the same manner that we have determined the roots of  Shomron or Svivon, the root of “Coron” would be K.R.H, which gives rise to such words as Mikreh (coincidence), Karah (occurred; also cold (n.)) and Keri. The latter is of particular importance. In the Bible, it appears seven times in Leviticus, Chapter 26, and only there. I have discussed this word at length in my book (Section 3.3), and, more generally, the concept of “Randomness” in biblical-Hebrew and in the Bible. In Leviticus (26), God warns the Children of Israel that if they walk with Him in keri (pretending everything that occurs is accidental, random), then He will walk with them with the wrath of keri, punishing them seven times over for their transgressions. The Torah repeatedly warns, here and elsewhere, against pursuing a worldview that all that one experiences in life is coincidental (rather than an act of the Divine – “Shall not the Judge of all the earth do justice?”, Gen.:18:25). The biblical embodiment of this worldview is Amalek, who had waged war against the Children of Israel on their way to the promised land (Exodus 17:8). When Moses leaves his instructions to the Children of Israel, prior to his departure, he requests that they remember Amalek who “has occurred to you”, while you, the Israelites, were somewhat like Amalek at the time, “tired and exhausted and not God-fearing” (Deuteronomy 25:17-18).

It is indeed stunning that the World Capital of this worldview (“all is coincidental”) is:

  • The country where the ruling culture has totally expelled (from amidst its population) God and worshippers of God;
  • The country ruled by the most secular regime on Planet Earth (deriving its legitimacy from the ruling Chinese Communist Party);
  • The country that has originated one of the most devastating pandemics the human species has ever witnessed (this post is written while the epidemic is evolving into a pandemic, based on the prevailing prognosis regarding its future evolution).

And the name of the virus, originating that pandemic, rings like, well, …coincidence.

2.      “Corona” and Crown in biblical-Hebrew

Assuming that the name Corona has indeed originated in Crown, we inspect its translation into biblical-Hebrew, Keter. The root is K.T.R, a permutation of which is K.R.T. The latter root originates numerous words, which appear no less than 285 times in the Jewish Hebrew Bible. The plain and straightforward meaning of the Hebrew verb Li-Chrot is to cut, like cutting-off branches of a tree, or cutting trees. From this, the meaning of the word expanded to mean also annihilate, or destroy, or perish. Examples:

  • “I establish my covenant with you: Never again will all life be cut-off (lo ikaret kol basar od) by the waters of a flood; never again will there be a flood to destroy the earth” (Genesis 9:11);
  • “Because he has despised the word of Jehovah, and has violated His commands, that soul shall utterly be cut-off (hikaret tikaret), his iniquity shall be upon him” (Numbers 15:31);
  • “…and all that harbour iniquity shall be cut-off (ve-Nichretoo)” (Isaiah 29:20).

We realize that the non-Hebrew “Corona”, translated into Hebrew and its biblical-Hebrew root permutated, produces an accurate description of the final effect of this pandemic.

Pandemic in Hebrew, Dever, from the root D.B.R. This root gives rise to various verbs and nouns associated with… speaking, either human or Divine. Thus, the Ten Commandments are the Ten Dibrot; And “a thing” is Davar (implying that all result from Divine speaking). In the desert did the Divine speak to humans (Ten Commandments given to the Israelites, through Moses, in the Sinai desert). Desert in biblical Hebrew — Midbar.

This pandemic, Dever, has taught a world, built on the model of the Tower of Babel (“..let us build us a city and a tower, whose top reaches to The Heavens, and make us a name..”, Genesis 11:4) — this pandemic has taught the world a painful lesson in humility. With cessation of international aviation, the adored “Global Village” has noisily smashed into hundreds of separate, nearly disconnected, villages scattered upon the face of all the earth: “And Jehovah scattered them abroad from there upon the face of all the earth..”, Genesis 11:8.

An ancient biblical story and a current historic event — describibg a similar world transformation; sharing the same final outcome…

Final quotes from prophets Isaiah and Zechariah, describing the Final Judgement at End-Times:

“Go, my people, enter your rooms and shut the doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until indignation is overpast. For, behold, Jehovah is coming out of His place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity; The earth shall disclose the blood shed upon her, and shall cover no more her slain.”    (Isaiah 26:20-21)

“And it shall come to pass”, declares Jehovah, “that in the whole land two parts in it shall be cut-off (ikaretoo), perish; but the third shall be left in it. And I will bring the third through the fire, and I will refine them as silver is refined, and try them as gold is tried. They shall call on my name and I will answer them…”   (Zechariah 13:8-9).

And then:

Jehovah will be king (“Crown”) over the whole land;

On that day Jehovah will be one and his name One.”

(Zechariah 14:9)

  • Shorty is a short post

*****************************************************************

Comments:

[1] This comment is added in response to readers’ questions about permutation of K.T.R (root of Keter, “Crown”) into K.R.T (root of Karet, “Cut-off”). In Kabbalah, Keter is the first (uppermost) of the Ten Sephirot, describing “Divine superconscious Will that is beyond conscious intellect” (Wikipedia, entry “Sefirot”). In Jewish tradition, distortion (permutation) of the right order of the root-letters of a biblical-Hebrew word, related to the Divine, may generate words representing the harmful, the undesirable. Thus, for example, Tom (completeness, righteousness; a two-letter word) becomes, permutated, Met (a deceased person; a two-letter word); Osher (riches, abundance), permutated, becomes Resha (evil). In the orderly alphabet, Emeth (truth; a three-letter word) appears in the correct order, however the three letters of Sheker (lie, falsehood) appears as a permutation of the correct order (read more here).

[2] A while after this post went on-line, I came across a most recent talk by Rabbi Sacks, who, not surprisingly, also discusses at length the meaning of the central biblical Hebrew concept, addressed in this post— Keri. You may wish to view this talk to learn in more depth this term and its implications:

Corona pandemic and the biblical Keri_Talk by Rabbi Sacks_March 26 2020

[3] A most inspiring talk by Rabbi Elyahu Kin: “In the Shadow of the Corona Virus” (English; Hebrew subtitles):

In the Shadow of the Corona Virus_Talk by Rabbi Kin_April 3 2020

[4] The Coronavirus pandemic, denoted by WHO (World Health Organiztion) — COVID-19 (COronaVIrus Disease-2019), is indicative of, sounds like — Kavod (a stunning insight by Avinoam Ben-Mordechai); Read a separate post about Kavod here here.

Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew

Linkage between Torah First Verse and Pi — Some of Evron’s Findings

In a recent video ( Hebrew, English), produced by Oren Evron, he expounded his astounding findings connecting the first verse of Genesis (in its original Hebrew) to Pi (π).

A short version (5 mins.) may be found here (English; Hebrew captions, needs activation).

I detail herewith, for the benefit of the English-speaking readers, some of the findings in the Hebrew version (in a very concentrated fashion). The essence of Oren Evron’s findings is the abundance of links between various numbers, traditionally associated with the first verse of Genesis, and patterns embedded in the first 628 digits (after the decimal point) of Pi.

Biblical-Hebrew first verse of Genesis:

בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ

We introduce Evron’s findings in the same order, as appearing in the video, with minor modifications, as deemed fit for this post. We start with some obvious numbers, associated with the structure of Genesis first verse, and then proceed to the less obvious (the new findings).

Numerical values associated with first verse in Genesis:

  • Number of words — 7;
  • Number of letters — 28;
  • Sum of gematria values for all seven words — 2701;
  • Sum of gematria values of first letter in each word — 22 (average per first letter: 22/7=3.14..);
  • Gematria value of the Hebrew word Torah is 611;
  • Small gematria is traditionally defined in Jewish scholarship as the sum total of the gematria values of individual letters comprising the word, with the zeros deleted; for example, the letter Yod (10) is counted as 1, the letter Resh (200) as 2 and so on. Accordingly, small gematria of the biblical-Hebrew word Torah17; Small gematria of the first verse of the Bible — 82;
  • According to Jewish tradition, Torah preceded the “beginning of the universe” (Be-reshit, “In the beginning”, the first word in Genesis 1:1). We replace the letters, comprising Be-reshit, by the respective letters in the Hebrew alphabet preceding them (except Aleph, the first in the Hebrew alphabet, which cannot be replaced). The gematria values of these six new letters sum up to 611, which is the gematria value of the word Torah (again, traditionally believed to precede Be-Reshit);

Associations between first verse in Genesis and Pi:

  • Sum of first 611 digits in Pi (after the decimal point) — 2701 (611= gematria for Torah; 2701= gematria of first verse in Torah)!!;
  • We repeat, with small gematria, the same “exercise”, as done earlier for “regular” gematria, to find out that in Pi, sum of the first 17 digits (after the decimal point) is equal to 82‼ ;
  • The 611 digits of Pi, starting with the seventeenth (namely, the last to represent Torah, in small gematria, in Pi), sum up to… 2701, again‼ ;
  • The 611 digits of Pi, starting with the digit after the seventeenth (the last to represent Torah, in small gematria, in Pi), sum up to… 2701, yet again‼ ;
  • The findings above (#2 and #4)  imply that the first 628 (17+611) digits of Pi, after the decimal point, are divided in two non-overlapping consecutive sets: The first set relates to small gematria17 digits (=Torah)  summing up to 82 (=first verse in Torah); The second (consecutive) set relates to regular gematria 611 digits (=Torah)  summing up to 2701 (=first verse in Torah)‼;
  • Incredibly, this structure has a mirror image reflected when counting in reverse: starting with the 628th digit and counting backward, we obtain for the first 17 digits a sum total of 82; Counting further back we obtain for the remaining 611 digits a sum of 2701

These mind-boggling findings by Oren Evron represent about 24 minutes from the complete video (lasting about 63 minutes).

A Mathematica program, in a PDF file, verifying Oren Evron’s findings, as detailed in this post, may be downloaded here:

Haim Shore_Verification of Links between Pi and Genesis first verse_Evron’s Findings_January 19 2020

A reninder about the importance of Pi: It appears in numerous scientitifc formulae, including the normal (Gauss) distribution and Einstein’s fundamantal equation of General Relativity. In other words, Pi is a basic building block of the universe.

(my own single finding about the relationship between Pi and the first verse of Genesis my be read here)

Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew

Signature of Evil — “M” and “N” Combination in Names of Willing Executioners of the Jewish People (Bible perspective)

Following the sin of eating of the forbidden fruit, God asks Adam (original Hebrew followed by English):

וַיֹּאמֶר מִי הִגִּיד לְךָ כִּי עֵירֹם אָתָּה הֲמִן-הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִיךָ לְבִלְתִּי אֲכָל-מִמֶּנּוּ אָכָלְתָּ

(בראשית ג: י”א)

“And He said: Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?”

(Genesis 3:11)

The Hebrew word marked in red comprises three Hebrew letters:

{Hei (ה), Mem (מ,ם), Nun (נ,ן)}

Note that two of the letters appear in two forms: the first (read right to left) — as regularly written; the second — as it appears at the end of a Hebrew word (there are altogether five such Hebrew letters).

Surprisingly, the same word, marked in red above, appears in exactly same form (though pronounced differently) elsewhere in the Bible. This is the name of a biblical hero, Haman, who had “the privilege” of being the first person on Planet Earth to conceive, publicly declare and actively planning executing the “Final Solution” on the Jewish people. The book of Esther relates how Haman had initiated a plot to murder all Jews in all provinces of the kingdom of the Persian King Ahasuerus: “Letters were sent by couriers to all the king’s provinces, to destroy, to slay, and to annihilate all Jews, young and old, women and children, in one day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar … And the king and Haman sat down to drink” (Esther 3:13, 15). How very familiar…

Jewish Bible scholars failed-not noticing the astounding similarity between the above two words, similarly written but pronounced differently, while carrying absolutely different meanings:

 ” המן מן התורה מנין? שנאמר (בראשית ג, יא) “המן-העץ

(תלמוד בבלי, חולין קל”ט-ב)

“Haman from the Torah, how do we know that? As it is written (Gen. 3:11) “the tree of which” (Babylon Talmud, Hulin, 139-2).

It is an incredible coincidence that Haman found his death by being hung on a tree (Esther 7:10), while tree is mentioned, adjacent to “his name”, in Genesis 3:11.

The incredible coincidences, however, do not end there. They only start there…

Observing appearance of the last two letters in Haman’s name, “M” and “N” (adjacent to one another, when written in Hebrew), in names of historic foes of the Jewish people, those plotting to annihilate the Jewish people or its modern-day representative, the State of Israel — that combination of letters is incredibly represented therein, disproportionately and abundantly. Furthemore, the same order of the letters, as in Haman, is preserved throughout, without exception.

Examples:

  • Haman;
  • Nazi Germany;
  • Eichmann (Nazi officer in charge of executing the Final Solution (exterminating six million Jews) in Nazi Germany);
  • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (father of the Iranian Islamic Revolution and its first Supreme Leader, 1979-1989);
  • Ayatollah Ali Khamenei (Second Supreme Leader, 1989 to present);
  • General Qassim Soleimani (chief architect of Iranian expansion in the Middle East, arch-terrorist assassinated via targeted-killing by USA, Friday, January 3 (US time), 2020).

A direct linkage between the sin of Adam and Eve (relating to God by Elohim, neglecting Jehovah), and its ultimate products — Haman, Eichmann and Soleimani.

(refer also to Hebrew Samech and Its Occurrence in Names of Jewish-Nation Enemies)

Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew Shorties

Pi First Digits and Genesis First Verse

Pi digits are generally considered to be random (as judged by statistical testing). Are they??

First ten Pi digits are: p=3.141592654… (Last digit rounded).

In the last few weeks, my good friend, Oren Evron, producer of most videos about my research on the Bible and on biblical Hebrew, has been engaged finding links between Pi and the first verse of the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 1:1):

בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ.

Likelihood values for his results (their probability to occur randomly) have been generated via extensive computer-simulation studies (conducted by him). His findings are astounding. A video detailing these has now been published by Oren Evron (Hebrew, English):

Code of Creation (Part 1; Hebrew) Oren Evron Nov 29 2019

Code of Creation (Part 1; English) Oren Evron April 13 2020

Code of Creation (Part 2; Hebrew) Oren Evron Jan 2022.

You may read about Pi in Wikipedia, entry: Pi. See also an earlier post on this blog:

Fibonacci series, Pi, Golden Ratio — Simple Relationships

To-date, the digits of Pi (a transcendental number) have been considered random. Are they?

In this post, I display my own, and only, contribution to Oren Evron’s research (not included in his video). Consider the first ten digits of Pi (last digit not rounded):

{3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5, 3}.

Next, observe word lengths (number of letters in a word) for the seven Hebrew-words comprising the first verse of the Bible (Genesis 1:1):

{6, 3, 5, 2, 5, 3, 4}.

We realize that the second sequence is contained in the first, namely, the second series is a subset of the first series (taken from Pi), comprising 70% thereof. Only three digits in the first series (marked black) are not in the second. Conversely, all digits in the second series (with their exact frequencies) appear in the first.

(Comment: Reading the second series as Hebrew, from right to left, we obtain (read from left to right):

{4, 3, 5, 2, 5, 3, 6};

This is  incredibly close to the order that these digits appear in the first ten digits of Pi; In fact, one needs only two changes, swapping first 3 with 4 and moving 6 before 5, to preserve the original order of these digits, as they appear in the first ten digits of Pi!!!).

How probable is this result (second series contained in the first)?? What is the likelihood for this finding to occur by random?

We have conducted a computer simulation, in which the computer randomly generated a million sets of ten digits (each digit with probability 0.1 (10%) to be selected). We then counted the number of sets that contained exactly the second set (by exactly we mean including frequency, for example, if “5” appears twice in the second set so it is in the simulated set).

Based on this simulation experiment, we have obtained for the probability of the second set to be exactly contained in the first to be 0.0019 (0.2%), namely, for a significance level of half a percent (0.5%), a statistically meaningful result (“significant result”). By conventional norm in scientific research studies, this is a highly significant result, indicating that the finding is probably not coincidental.

This result, on its own, might be considered by some as “cherry picking”. Combined with Oren Evron’s new findings, as displayed in his latest movie (English version expected soon), any claim of “cherry picking” becomes baseless — the link between the first verse of Genesis and physical reality (as represented by Pi) is now an established scientifically-observable fact.

  • Another of Oren Evron’s videos — Findings of Rabbi Yitzchak Ginsburgh about a relationship between Fibonacci and biblical Hebrew (Hebrew; For English, activate captions!):

Fibonacci in the Torah – Genesis Golden Ratio

  • Links between Pi and Fibonacci numbers (post on this blog):

Fibonacci series, Pi, Golden Ratio — Simple Relationships

Categories
Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew Shorties

Faust’s Mephistopheles and Biblical Figures Mephi(boshet) and (Achi)tophel

Has Faust’s Mephistopheles name originated in the Hebrew Bible?

“In a letter to Carl Zelter of November 30, 1829, Goethe admitted that he had no idea what the name Mephistopheles means nor where it came from.”

So starts a somewhat forgotten article by the late Professor Yehuda T. Radday (1913-2011), a research colleague and good friend of mine, who headed the Department of General Studies at Technion (Israel Institute of Technology). In his fascinating article of 1997*, attached herewith, Radday painstakingly demonstrates why both historically (via a thorough literature review), and by analysis of what the three figures represent in the respective literature (Mephistopheles in Goethe’s Faust; Mephiboshet and Achitophel in Second Book of Samuel), Mephistopheles is probably a combo of the names of the two biblical figures, both contemporaries of King David.

The idea of writing this post came to me at an intermission in a concert I attended that included Schoenberg music. A friend of mine reminded me of Schoenberg’s link to the well-known Goethe’s composition Faust (find details in The Doctor Faustus Dossier (Arnold Schoenberg, Thomas Mann, and Their Contemporaries, 1930-1951).

Recalling that my late research colleague and close friend, Y. T. Radday, had summarized his research  about the possible (and intriguing) source of the name of Faust’s central figure, Mephistopheles, I have decided to write this post.

Radday’s article is attached below:

Radday Y.T._Mephistopheles – Biblical-Hebrew Name_1997

Comment: The letter S is added twice to Mephistopheles, not appearing in either Mephiboshet or Achitophel (in their Hebrew original). In Medieval Demonology, Mephistopheles is one of the seven chief devils (and the tempter of Faust). It is an interesting coincidence that the added letter, S, not appearing in the original biblical names, corresponds to the Hebrew letter Samech, which represents, in biblical Hebrew, evil forces!! See details in my post:

The Significance of the Hebrew Samech and Its Occurrence in Names of Enemies of the Jewish Nation

Personal comment: Yehuda Radday passed away concurrently with the victims of September, 11, 2011, while in Israel. Let this post be in honor of his memory.

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* Radday, YT (1997). Mephistopheles — A Biblical Hebrew Name? . Proceedings of the World Congress of Jewish Studies / דברי הקונגרס העולמי למדעי היהדות , 243*-252*. Published by World Union of Jewish Studies.

Categories
General Historical Coincidences My Research on the Bible and Biblical Hebrew

Who were the Philistines? Why Were They So Named? Where Did They Vanish?

The ancient biblical Philistines engaged in various kinds of “dialogue” with the Jewish nation for millennia, starting, historically, with Patriarch Abraham and ending with King David. However, as related in Scripture, they were relevant, engaged with the Jewish nation, even much later in forms and shapes that remind us of prophesies for days-to-come.

First mention of the Philistines appears in a bizarre verse, where, following the Great Flood, descendants of Noah are enumerated, one by one (“Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth”, Genesis 10:1). The sons of Ham are Cush, Mizraim, Put and Canaan (Genesis 10:6). Then comes a detailed enumeration of grandsons, amongst them the seven sons of Mizraim (also Hebrew for the land of Egypt):

“Mizraim gave birth to Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehavim,.., and Patrusim and Kasluhim, out of whom came the Philistines, and Kaftorim” (Genesis 10:13-14).

Rashi (1040 –1105), a most revered Jewish interpreter of the Jewish Hebrew Bible, probably wondered at this bizarre sentence (about the Philistines) in the middle of a detailed list of brothers (sons of Mizrayim).  He comments, based probably on Midrash Rabah (Bereshit 37, 5):

“From both they came out since Patrusim and Kasluhim used to swap their wives, one with the other, and out of them came Philistines”.

Rabbeinu Behaye (1255 – 1340) further explains that the source for biblical Philistines were ancestors born bastards (namely, descendants of a mother not married to the biological father); And the reason for that was mutually-agreed invasion of privacy between the two brothers, Patrusim and Kasluhim.

Rashi’s non-conventional interpretation had been pursued by other Jewish interpreters. This interpretation probably leans, to a large extent, on the meaning of the biblical Hebrew root both for the name of the people (Philistines) and their region in Canaan, Philistia (Pleshet in Hebrew), where the Philistines dwelt prior to the arrival of the Israelites to the Promised Land, and a long period of time thereafter.

This Hebrew root is:

P.L.Sh (פ.ל.ש).

Originally, this root means “penetrate, “dig through”, “go from end to end”. A natural derivative gives rise to various Hebrew words, verbs and nouns, having one meaning in common:

“Invade”; “trespass”; “Get hold of that which is not yours”; “Seize illegally”.

Indeed, when one observes the various “dialogues”, more precisely violent encounters, that the Philistines had with the Jewish nation, starting with Patriarch Abraham and ending with their final defeat by King David, there is a common thread that connect them all — “Invasion”, namely, seizing illegally, or claiming to own, or wishing to possess, that which is not yours; And “that” may stretch from wives, to water wells, to spring water, to land (territory), and ultimately to important strategic assets of a foreign nation (the Israelites) — leaders, judges, members of the royal family, and finally even to the holiest object of the Jewish faith (at the time), the Ark of the Covenant.

Following are verses from Scripture that tell these encounters (between the Philistines and the Jewish nation), each preceded with a title that summarizes the significance of that encounter as an embodiment of an unlawful invasion (Plishah).

  1. Seizing wife — Sarah, Abraham’s wife, seized by Abimelech, King of Gerar, King of the Philistines (Genesis 26:8):

“And Abraham said of Sarah, his wife, she is my sister; and Abimelech, King of Gerar, sent and took Sarah” (Genesis 20: 2);

  1. Seizing an existing well — Abraham breaking the news to the “innocently ignorant” Abimelech that his servants had seized a well dug by Abraham’s people:

“And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of the well of water which Abimelech’s servants had violently taken away; And Abimelech said, I know not who has done this thing, neither did thou tell me, neither yet heard I of it but today” (Genesis 21:25-26);

  1. Nearly seizing wife (again..) — Rebekah, Isaac’s wife, nearly seized by Abimelech, King of the Philistines:

“And Abimelech said, what is this you have done to us? One of the men nearly has laid with your wife and you would have brought guilt upon us” (Genesis 26: 10);

  1. Unlawfully separating one from his lawfully-owned property — Philistines “deactivate” existing water wells, dug by Abraham’s servants:

“And all the wells that his father’s servants had dug in the days of Abraham, his father, the Philistines stopped up, filling them with earth” (Genesis 26:15);

  1. Claiming to possess water of a newly found spring — Philistines claiming spring water found by Isaac’s servants:

“And Isaac’s servants dug in the valley and found there a well of springing water; And the herdsmen of Gerar quarreled with Isaac’s herdsmen, saying, the water is ours; So, he named the well Esek because they quarreled with him; And they dug another well and they quarreled over it too so he named it Sitnah” (Genesis 26:19-21);

Comment: Esek appears only here, however Eshek, derived from same root, means robbing; Sitnah appears elsewhere (Esra 4:6), where it probably means extremely negative false slander; In modern Hebrew Sitnah simply means hatred;

  1. Denying lawful owner taking hold of its property — The Philistines delaying the Israelites from reaching the Promised Land

“And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near, for God said lest the people repent when they see war and they return to Egypt; And God led the people around through the way of the wilderness to the Red Sea” (Exodus 13:17);

During Joshua’s wars to conquer the Land of Israel, Pleshet, the land of the Philistines, with its five main cities, were not conquered:

“Now Joshua was old and of advanced age and Jehovah said to him: You are old and of advanced age and there remains yet very much land to be occupied; This is the land that yet remains — All the regions of the Philistines…” (Joshua 13:1-2)

The Bible explains why the Philistines (and some other nations) were not conquered during Joshua’s wars to occupy the Promised Land:

“That through them Israel would be put on a trial to find out whether they keep the way of Jehovah to walk in them as their forefathers did keep them or not” (Judges 2:22); See also Judges 3:1-4.

Violent encounters with the Philistines therefore continued for a very long period of time, all remarkably characterized by symptoms of invasion, namely, “seizing that which is not yours”.

  1. Invasion of privacy and consequently unlawful seizure of a major strategic asset of a foreign nation (Israel) — The Philistines approach Samson’s two women (first wife, and after murdering her — a Philistine concubine); Then capturing, by deceit, the Israeli leader (a judge and a worrier):

(7a) The Philistines approach Samson’s wife secretly (invasion of privacy), subsequently killing her:

“And it came to pass on the seventh day that they said to Samson’s wife: Entice your husband that he may declare to us the riddle lest we burn you and your father’s house with fire…” (Judges 14:15);

Samson’s wife complied, yet had not escaped the fate assigned to her by the Philistines:

“..and the Philistines went up and burnt her and her father with fire” (Judges 15:6);

(7b) The Philistines approach Samson’s concubine (Delilah) secretly:

Nearly same narrative (invasion of privacy) repeats with Samson’s concubine (Delilah), whom the Philistines approach, unknowingly to Samson:

“And the lords of the Philistines came up to her and said to her: Entice him and find out wherein his great strength lies and by what means may we prevail against him that we may bind him and torture him; And we will give you, every one of us, eleven hundred pieces of silver” (Judges 16:5);

(7c) The Philistines capture Samson:

Having approached Samson’s concubine (Delilah) secretly, the Philistines now seizing by deceit the Israeli leader (judge and worrier):

“And the Philistines took hold of him, and gouged out his eyes; and they brought him down to Gaza and bound him with bronze chains and he was a grinder in the prison” (Judges 16:21);

  1. Unlawful seizure of the holiest object of the Jewish nation — The Philistines taking hostage the Arch of the Covenant

This event happened once in history and never again. There is no historic evidence, either in the Bible or in archeological findings, that the Arch of the Covenant has ever left Jerusalem, even during or after the destruction of the first Jewish Temple (586 BCE) or the second (70 AD). Yet, the Philistines captured this central artifact of the Jewish faith during one of their aggressive encounters with the Israelites, while the latter were dwelling in the Promised Land:

“So the Philistines fought and Israel was defeated and they fled every man to his tent, and there was a very great slaughter and there fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers; and the Ark of God was captured and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Pinchas, died.” (1 Samuel 4: 10-11);

  1. Unlawful seizure of a major strategic asset of a foreign nation — The Philistines kill the royal family (King Saul and his sons) and mutilate the bodies and hang them for display

“Thus, Saul died with his three sons and all those of his house died together” (1 Chronicles 10:6; the full story is unfolding in I Chronicles 10:1-10).

In between these major historic events, the Philistines routinely invaded countless times the land occupied by the Israelites. Examples:

  • “Now the Philistines had come and made a raid in the valley of Rephaim” (1 Chronicles 14:9);
  • “The Philistines also had invaded the cities of the lowland and of the Negev of Judah, and had taken Beth-Shemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, and Soco with its villages, Timnah with its villages, and Gimzo with its villages, and they settled there” (2 Chronicles 28:18).

The final defeat of the Philistines was inflicted by King David, after which they no longer harassed the Kingdom of Israel:

“David therefore did as God had commanded him and they struck down the army of the Philistines from Gibeon even as far as Gezer. Then the fame of David went out into all the lands; and Jehovah brought the fear of him upon all the nations” (1 Chronicles 14:16-17).

What was the final destiny of the Philistines? — The great flee from Canaan into the desert

For 300 years, from 900 to 600 BC, the Assyrian Empire expanded, conquered and ruled the Middle East, including Mesopotamia, Egypt, the eastern coast of the Mediterranean, and parts of today’s Turkey, Iran and Iraq. The final stage of the Assyrian empire began in 745 BC, when Tiglath Pileser III took the throne. Tiglath Pileser III received an empire in a slump with a demoralized army and disorganized bureaucracy. He took control and began reorganizing all aspects of the empire from the army to the bureaucracy to re-conquering rebellious provinces. Following Tiglath Pileser III, the Assyrian empire was ruled by Shalmaneser V, Sargon II and Sennacherib. Sennacherib’s reign (705 to 681 BC) welded the empire into an even greater force, and he conquered provinces in Anatolia, Judah and Israel, even sacking Jerusalem. Sennacherib moved the capital of Assyria to Nineveh.

(Source: History on The Net — The Assyrian Empire, the most powerful empire in the world)

Based on Scripture and some archeological findings, the culprit for the final disappearance of the Philistines was the Assyrian Empire. This empire regularly displaced peoples residing in the territories they had conquered, swapping them with another people as to minimize the likelihood of a rebellion of the local occupied population against the foreign occupier.

The most known example for that are the lost Ten Tribes of Israel.

The Northern Kingdom of Israel was conquered by the Assyrian monarchs, Tiglath-Pileser III (Pul) and Shalmaneser V. The later Assyrian rulers, Sargon II and his son and successor Sennacherib, were responsible for finishing the twenty-year demise of Israel’s northern ten-tribe kingdom, although they did not overtake the Southern Kingdom (Judah; Jerusalem was besieged by Sennacherib, but not taken). The tribes of the Northern Kingdom were forcibly relocated and resettled by Assyria, later to become known as the Ten Lost Tribes. Though captivities began in approximately 740 BC (or 733/2 BCE according to other sources), in 722 BCE, nearly ten to twenty years after the initial deportations, and after a three-year siege started by Shalmaneser V, the Northern Kingdom of Israel, ruled at the time by King Hoshea, is conquered by Assyrian king Sargon II, taking the kingdom’s ruling city Samaria. The biblical account below summarizes these events:

* “And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.” (1 Chronicles 5:26);

* “In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and he took Ijon, and Abel-beth-maachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.” (2 Kings 15:29);

* “Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison. Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.” (2 Kings 17:3–6);

* “And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria and put them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes: because they obeyed not the voice of Jehovah their God, but transgressed his covenant, and all that Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded and would not hear them, nor do them.” (2 Kings 18:11–12);

(Source: Wikipedia, entry Assyrian Captivity: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assyrian_captivity).

The practice of the Assyrian Empire to dislocate local populations had consequences for the peoples residing in the Land of Israel and around it. When the king of Assyria, Sennacherib, son and successor of Sargon II, came with a huge army to conquer the Southern Israel Kingdom, Judah, with its capital Jerusalem, other local peoples, realizing what prior Assyrian rulers had done to the Ten Tribes of Israel, fled to the desert to mingle with the Ishmaelites, assuming rightly that the Assyrian Empire had no desire to rule the desert. Among the fleeing were the Philistines, residents of Pleshet.

Echoes to the massive flee from Canaan appear in several Hebrew Jewish sources. For example:

“Rabbie Yossi says: “When Sennacherib came to Eretz Israel, all the peoples in the surroundings of Eretz Israel saw his camp and they became very fearful and they fled each man from his place, for it is said: “For he has said, “By the power of my hand and by my wisdom I did this, For I have understanding; And I removed the boundaries of the peoples, and plundered their treasures, and like a mighty man I brought down their inhabitants” (Isaiah 10:13). And they entered the desert and intermingled with the Sons of Ismael, and they were ten peoples in total, as it is said: “The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites; Moab and the Hagrites; Gebal and Ammon and Amalek; Pleshet with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assyria also has joined with them..” (Psalms 83:6-8)”;

(Source: Pirkei de-Rabbie Eliezer 44).

Interestingly, the term “Arav” appears several times in the Bible, relating to the region south east of Canaan, and the rulers of this region are named Kings of Arav (similarly to today’s King of Saudi Arabia). Examples are Isaiah 21:13, Jeremiah 25:24 and Ezekiel 27:21. All these Jewish prophets, mentioning Arav, lived during Sennacherib’s failed attempt to conquer Jerusalem (and the great flee from Canaan that preceded that) or thereafter. The biblical Hebrew source of Arav is:

A.R.V (ע.ר.ב)

This root gives rise to various Hebrew words, all having one meaning in common — to intermingle, to mix together. For example, day and night are mixed together in the Erev (Evening).

Thus, the various verses in the Jewish Hebrew Bible that relate to “Arab” implicitly mirror the great flee from Canaan of the ten peoples residing therein and thereabouts, and ultimately mirror the mixing together of these peoples with residents of the desert, the Sons of Ishmael. The Philistines, therefore, vanished from Canaan while fleeing from Pleshet to mingle with the Ishmaelites in the land of Arav (Arabia in English). This Jewish tradition, which perceives the Arab nation as formed out of intermingling of the ten peoples with the Ishmaelites (the original tenants of the desert) perhaps may help explain why present-day Arab people encounter difficulties maintaining and preserving distinct and separate viable nation states.

Finally, Psalms 83, quoted earlier as echoing the Great Flee from Canaan, is worth re-reading, in depth and in full, as it includes, probably, some hints for current affairs and perhaps also for days-to-come. This “Psalm of Asaph” is a prayer for the Jewish people against its enemies; And what do these enemies aspire and conspire to achieve?

The known double-plot — against the Jewish nation and against its possession of Eretz Israel — is made explicit in Psalm 83, echoing what by now, millennia later, may be termed “Same old story”:

“Elohim, do not keep silence, do not turn deaf and do not be still, Oh God; For, behold, thy enemies make an uproar, and they who hate thee have lifted up the head…They take crafty counsel against thy people and conspire together against thy treasured ones; They have said, “Come and let us wipe them out as a nation that the name of Israel be remembered no more.” For they have consulted together with one mind, against thee do they make a covenant…that they say “let us seize for our possession the pastures of God” (Psalms 83:2-13).

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This post is largely based of lectures by Rabbi Yinon Kalazan:

The Philistines_Rav Yinon Kalazan_Nov 1 2014

The Philistines_Rav Yinon Kalazan_Dec 18 2018

Categories
Historical Coincidences

“Ishmael-Esau” vs. “Obama-Trump” — Stunning Commonalities

This post describes surprising commonalities in personal physical traits, middle names and biographies of two pairs of figures — a biblical pair (Ishmael and Esau) and current-day political pair (President Obama and President Trump). Hard to believe!

Who was Ishmael?

“Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, bore him no children and she had an Egyptian maidservant named Hagar. And Sarai said to Abram: “Behold now, Jehovah has restrained me from bearing, I pray thee, sleep with my maidservant, perhaps I can build a family through her; and Abram obeyed to Sarai’s voice…and Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram gave his son’s name, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael” (Genesis 16:1-2; 16:15);

Who was Esau?

“Isaac prayed to Jehovah on behalf of his wife, because she was barren, and Jehovah answered his prayer and his wife Rebekah became pregnant… When the time came for her to give birth, behold, there were twins in her womb. The first to come out was red all over like a hairy garment, and they called his name Esau; After that came out his brother, and his hand grasping Esau’s heel, and he called his name Jacob” (Genesis 25:21,24-26).

In Jewish tradition, descendants of Ishmael are identified with followers of the Islam faith; Descendants of Esau are identified with followers of the Christian faith. Both assertions are rooted in Jewish sources, based on verses that appear in the Jewish Hebrew Bible (particularly those of the Jewish prophets).

Two descendants of Ishmael and Esau, respectively, play a major role in how Jewish scholarship has perceived the relationships being shaped-up throughout history between the Jewish people and followers of Islam and Christianity:

* Kedar, second son of Ishmael:

“These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, listed in the order of their birth: Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel,..” (Genesis 25:13); “These are their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael Nebaioth, and Kedar, and Abdeel…” (1 Chronicles 1:29);

* Amalek, grandson of Esau, son of Eliphaz (the second son of Esau):

“And Esau’s son, Eliphaz, also had a concubine named Timna, who bore him Amalek..” (Genesis 36:12); “The sons of Eliphaz: Teman and Omar, Zepho and Gatam, Kenaz and Timna and Amalek” (1 Chronicles 1:36).

In Genesis 36:40-43, heads of families belonging to descendants of Esau (Alufim) are enumerated, name by name. The tenth on the list is Magdiel (literally, “Increasing God”). Rashi (1040-1105), the most revered of Jewish Bible interpreters, explains “This is Rome” (referring to the ancient Christian Roman Empire and its historic derivatives).

In this post, we outline stunning common features shared by Ishmael and Esau, on the one hand, and, respectively, the 44th and 45th presidents of the United States — Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) and Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946).

The post is divided into four parts:

  1. Common personal physical traits;
  2. Middle names (of President Obama and President Trump);
  3. Continents and countries of origin (parents or grandparents);
  4. Birthplace of ancestors

(all personal data below, on the lives of the two presidents, are extracted from Wikipedia)

1. Common personal physical traits

* Ishmael: The Bible does not specify that Ishmael was dark-skinned. Probably he was for two reasons:

  1. His biological mother, Hagar, was Egyptian (namely, of African descent);
  2. His second son, Kedar, has a name that its root in biblical Hebrew means.. dark or become darkened. This meaning appears in seventeen different words in the Jewish Hebrew Bible. Examples:
  • “For this shall the earth mourn and the sky above be darkened (Ve-Kadrou Hashamayim)..” (Jeremiah 4:28);
  • “Before them the earth shakes, the sky trembles, the sun and the moon are darkened (Kadarou)..”, “The sun and the moon are darkened (Kadarou)..” (Joel 2:10, 4:15, respectively);

The same meaning regarding Kedar is also imparted by the following verse from Song of Songs (1:5):”Dark I am, yet lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, dark like the tents of Kedar, like the tent curtains of Solomon”. Tent, in biblical Hebrew, often means family, like in (Jeremiah 30:18): “Thus said Jehovah, Behold, I will bring back the captivity of Jacob’s tents and have mercy on his dwelling places..”.

* Esau: As the quote above regarding Esau implies (Genesis 25), Esau was probably red-headed.

* President Obama: Dark-skinned;

* President Trump: Red-headed (see Wikipedia, entry: “List of redheads”; note that list is sorted by first name).

2. Middle names (President Obama and President Trump)

* Ishmael: As noted earlier, in Jewish Bible-related scholarship descendants of Ishmael are followers of Muhammad (founder of the Islamic faith). As testified by Maimonides (1135 or 1138 to 1204), in his letter to the Jews of Yemen, Muhammad himself was a descendant of Kedar, second son of Ishmael. Let us address the related name Hussein. Wikipedia assets that “This name was not used in the pre-Islamic period and is recorded to have been first used by the Islamic prophet Muhammad when he named his grandson Hussein ibn Ali, saying he had been commanded to do so by Allah through the archangel Gabriel”;

* Esau: As noted earlier, in Jewish Bible-related scholarship descendants of Esau are followers of Jesus Christ (source of the Christian faith). Let us address the related name John. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (entry “John”), addresses eight religious figures that are central to the development and maintenance of the Christian faith, among them, “John the Baptist (died c. 30 AD), regarded as a prophet and the forerunner of Jesus Christ; John the Apostle (c. 30 AD), one of the twelve apostles of Jesus; John the Evangelist, assigned author of the Fourth Gospel, once identified with the Apostle; John of Patmos, the author of the Book of Revelation, once identified with the Apostle; John the Presbyter, a figure either identified with or distinguished from the Apostle, the Evangelist and John of Patmos; Pope John, several popes”.

In other words: The names Hussein and John are deeply embedded in the founding figures of the Islamic faith and of the Christian faith, respectively.

* President Obama: His middle name is Hussein;

* President Trump: His middle name is John.

 3. Continents and countries of origin (parents or grandparents)

* Ishmael‘s biological parents, Avram and Hagar, were born in two different continents: Avram was born in Asia (Terach, Avram’s father, lived in Ur Kasdim, modern day Iraq); Hagar, the Egyptian, was born in Africa;

* Esau‘s parents, Isaac and Rebecca, were born in two different countries (regions), in the same continent, Asia: Isaac was born in Canaan; Rebecca was born in Aram Naharaim, modern day Iraq (Genesis 24:10). Both regions are on the same continent, Asia;

* Obama‘s parents were born in two different continents: His father, Barack Obama Sr. (1936-1982), was born in Kenya, Africa; His mother, Ann Dunham (1942-1885), was born in Wichita, Kansas, USA, North America.

* Trump‘s grandparents were born in two different countries, in the same continent, Europe: “Trump’s ancestors originated from the German village of Kallstadt in the Palatinate on his father’s side, and from the Outer Hebrides in Scotland on his mother’s side. All of his grandparents and his mother were born in Europe” (Wikipedia, entry “Donald Trump”).

4. Birth place of ancestors

* Esau: A descendant of Esau is Amalek (see references in the Bible, as earlier quoted). Amalek represents the ultimate anti-thesis to the Jewish faith. While all monotheistic faiths believe that every occurrence on Earth is in the hands of the Divine (“All is in the hands of God except for the fear of God”), Amalek philosophy is that all is coincidental, random (read reference to this point in my book “Coincidences in the Bible and in biblical Hebrew”, subsection 16.2 and also Example 2 in subsection 3.3). A descendant of Amalek is Haman Ha-Agagi (Haman the Agagite), namely Haman of Agag descent (Esther 8:3, 9:24). Agag was the king of Amalek, obviously a descendant of Amalek (1 Samuel 15:8). Haman, a descendant of Amalek, had plotted “to destroy, to kill and to annihilate all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, namely, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar, and to take the spoil of them for plunder” (Esther 3:13)…and the king and Haman sat down to drink…” (Esther 3:15).

However, this time the plot to exterminate the Jewish people in “One day” was thwarted.

The term Germamia appears in the Talmud (Gemara, Megilla 6b), where Rabbi Yitzak explains a verse from Psalms (140:9), stating, based on oral Jewish tradition, “this is Germamia of Edom”. Rashi (1040 –1105), a most revered Jewish interpreter of the Hebrew Jewish Bible, has made this statement by Rabbi Yitzak, over half a millenium later, more explicit: “Germamia is name of a kingdom and it is from Edom”.

The Gra (Vilna Gaon, 1720-1797) and Rav Yaakov Emden (1697-1776) suggested that Germamia was a spelling mistake, caused while manually copying the Talmud from generation to generation, and that the correct word is Germania. This implies that the Gemara is speaking not of some unidentifiable nation, as Rashi suggested at the time, but of the very well-known nation of Germany (Germania in modern-day Hebrew). It is a long held Jewish tradition, starting with the Gra, that descendants of Amalek intermingled into the German nation, which is perhaps the reason Rav Chaim Zonnenfeld refused to meet with Kaiser Wilhelm II in Jerusalem, during the latter’s visit to Eretz Yisrael in 1898.

It is indeed hard to digest that this nation, some of whom are (according to long held Jewish tradition) descendants of Amalek, grandson of Esau, has succeeded in a plot against the Jewish nation, where Haman (a biblical figure, a descendant of Amalek) had failed. It is perhaps no less astounding that a name, similar to modern day Germany, is mentioned in that part of Gemara dealing with Esther, the book of the Bible where the story of Haman and his plot against the Jewish nation is unfolding.

In conclusion, we note here that in this post we have included only “Commonalities” that have passed the test of political correctness, and also such that do not constitute, in any shape or form, a possible offense to either presidents.

President Obama and President Trump, during their tenure, respectively, as presidents of the United States, have been continuously monitored by the international media, with a magnifying glass, with regard to their relationship to current-day ultimate representative of the Jewish people — the State of Israel.

This post may teach us that perhaps there may be some good hidden reason for that.